Saturday, May 23, 2020

The American Civil War - 1540 Words

The American Civil War was the result of built up inner conflict within each individual of the United States, eventually fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The Union, a built up governmental force mainly from Northern states that opposed slavery, confronted secessionists in eleven Southern states, which assembled jointly as the Confederate States of America that were in favor of slavery. The war concluded with the victory within the Union’s hands which nearly ended slavery and is still named one of the bloodiest wars in American history. Among the 34 U.S. states in 1861, seven Southern slave states independently announced their withdrawal from the U.S., This decision shaped the Confederate States of America by standing with†¦show more content†¦Furthermore, a large portion of the South s framework was destroyed. After the crusade through to the South by the Union’s commanding officer Ulysses S. Grant, the Confederacy began to fall apart and over 4 million slaves were liberated. The Reconstruction Era began shortly after the war, including erratic procedures of establishing national solidarity, reinforcing the national government, and allowing social liberties to the liberated slaves to flourish. During the presidential decision in 1860, republicans who were led by Abraham Lincoln, bolstered forbidding subjection in all the U.S. domains. The Southern states saw this as an infringement of their established rights and also as being a piece of an arrangement to the end of annulled servitude. The three professional Union competitors combined got an 82% dominant part of the casted votes. Republican Lincoln s votes were focused in the North, democrat Douglas votes were disseminated broadly and constitutional Unionist Bell s votes focused in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. The republican Party which was predominant in the North, secured a majority of the well known votes and a greater part of the discretionary votes..After all votes were cast, Abraham Lincoln was unavoidably chosen as the primary republican president but with much opposition from the South. Be that as it may, before his initiation, seven slave states with cotton-basedShow MoreRelatedAmerican War And The American Civil War1551 Words   |  7 Pageswhich then caused the Southern states of America to decide to leave the American Union and create their own Southern Confederacy. This tore our nation apart. The American Civil War had begun and the very people that were once neighbors had each other’s blood on their hands. Many American lives had been lost. The American lives lost in the Civil War even exceeded the number of American lives lost during World War I and World War II. We were divided. The North wanted to reunite with the southern statesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1376 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Civil War was arguably the most important war in the history of the country. The War of Independence may have allowed American to become its’ own country, but the Civil War resulted in something even more important than that, the end of slavery in the southern states. All of the issues that caused the Civil war were based around slavery, such as states’ rights that involved how slavery would be handled in each state, and trying to preserve the Union since the south seceded from the northRead MoreThe American Civil War1296 Words   |  6 Pages The American Civil War, also known as the State’s War, was a conflict that arose mostly from the issue of slavery, but deep down was due to economic differences between the North and the South. The South seceded from the North and created their own self-government due to their belief in the lack of state’s rights versus the federal government and what they saw as a weakness in the Articles of Confederation. While the Confederacy of the United States depended on slave labor for their economy in regardsRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1618 Words   |  7 Pages A Civil War is a battle between the same citizens in a country. The American Civil Wa r was fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the independence for the Confederacy or the survival of the Union. By the time Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1861, in the mist of 34 states, the constant disagreement caused seven Southern slave states to their independence from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, generally known as the South, grew to include elevenRead MoreThe American Civil War1418 Words   |  6 PagesGuns fired, smoke lingering in the air, people dying. The American Civil War had a huge impact on the United States. Two compromises took place before the start of the Civil War. These compromises include the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850. The Missouri Compromise dealt with the crisis in 1819 over Missouri entering the Union as a slave state. The compromise was â€Å"the first major crisis over slavery, and it shattered a tacit agreement between the two regions that had been in placeRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1324 Words   |  6 PagesThere were many events that led to the cause of one of America’s most devastating war, the American Civil War. The American Civil War was an unfortunate war that cost more than the lives of six hundred thousand people. Events such as the Missouri Compromise, Kansas Nebraska Act, Dred Scott Decision, and the Election of Abraham Lincoln resulted in the four yearlong battles between the Northern and Southern states due to social and economic differences on the idea of slavery. In the 19th century,Read MoreThe War Of The American Civil War Essay1472 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Civil War lasted from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865. It was the bloodiest war in American history, killing approximately 620,000 soldiers in total. The War was fought and won by the North, ensuring that all the United States would stay united and slavery would be illegal in The United States. However, history is one of the most complicated things in the world. It’s also one of the most important things in the world because history is what made the present possible. Historians have debatedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War960 Words   |  4 Pagesslavery even if it meant war caused peace in this nation. Slavery was the vital cause of the American Civil War. The north and the south both had their differences on how to run the country. People in the North believed in unity and that slavery should not exist because â€Å"all men are created equally.† On the o ther hand, the South believed in continuing slavery. People tried to talk it out and come to a middle ground after both sides compromising, however that didn’t work and caused war. Ideological differencesRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War856 Words   |  4 PagesSlavery may have been established as the catalyst of the American Civil War, but the beginning of the dispute began in the time of the Revolution with a weak decentralized government under the Articles of Confederation. Later gained momentum as territorial expansion set Americans against each other on debating whether the new states should be slave states or free states, it questioned the power of the Federal government regarding state rights, and brought about instability in the unity of the UnitedRead MoreThe War Of The American Civil War1439 Words   |  6 PagesWhen the American Civil War began in the spring of 1861, those flocking to enlistment stations in states both north and south chiefly defined the ir cause as one of preservation. From Maine to Minnesota, young men joined up to preserve the Union. From Virginia to Texas, their future foes on the battlefield enlisted to preserve a social order, a social order at its core built on the institution of slavery and racial superiority . Secession had not been framed by prominent Southerners like Robert Toombs

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Evolving Structure of Mexican Drug Cartels - 1494 Words

A businessman, and a business woman sit across from each other in negotiations. The man proposes four thousand pesos, and the woman says she cant afford that much. She counter-offers with twenty-five hundred pesos. The man agrees and leaves. This was a weekly payment for the protection of the womans local business against the Juarez Cartel. (Lacey, M. 2010). Many critics are now making comparisons between the Mexican drug cartels, like the one mentioned above, and legitimate corporations like Netflix, or Google. There are currently seven major Mexican drug cartels. Although, the cartels may all come from different backgrounds and have different approaches towards trafficking drugs, they all share a similar business style structure to†¦show more content†¦It also had structures that included separate sections designed and staffed for different facets of the drug trade. Additionally it had supervisors at every level to decentralize the decision-making responsibilities of the t op leadership. The Gulf Cartel was the first to recruit Mexican Special Forces to act as a military wing to: enforce receipt of payments, protect from other cartels, and carry out well organized assassinations of members from rival gangs or cartels. This Special Forces group was known as the Zetas. The Gulf Cartels vision to bring a group of highly trained gunmen into the drug game would forever have an impact on the drug cartels in Mexico (Beith, M. (2013, September 24)). The Gulf Cartel has a intricate reach into the United States through: supply lines, smuggling routes, and communication lines all maintained by lower level leadership in the cartel to ensure products reach their destination and that the money is returned to Mexico. In recent years, The Gulf Cartel has been plagued with several issues including; many high level arrests and the split between the Gulf Cartel and their protection wing, the Zetas. They have been losing leadership and fighting a territorial war with the Zetas, who are heavily invested in the same areas as the Gulf Cartel. The Zeta group exemplifies diversity. They use different ways to gain revenue. When they defected from the Gulf Cartel they were initiallyShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Effects of Cartels in Mexico2350 Words   |  10 PagesDecember 2010, approximately 38,000 Mexican citizens were killed by cartel related violence. Even without counting the many thousands of Mexicans who were killed before December 2006, the War on Drugs, over ten years, will be fifteen times deadlier than the War on Terror. The level of violence near the border is unacceptable and the United States must share the blame. The rising death toll serves as the proof of what certain people have been saying for years: both the Mexican and American governments needRead MoreIllegal Immigration And Drug Smuggling3206 Words   |  13 Pagesto get these drugs into the U.S.â€Æ' Drug smuggling has been an issue in the United States since the 1960s and the Border Patrol has made many efforts to stop drugs from crossing our borders. The Purpose of the Border Patrol is to secure and keep our borders safe. Recently their focus has been on illegal immigration and drug smuggling. Drug smuggling has become an increasing issue and the efforts of the Border Patrol are being pushed to stop these illegal activities. The influx of drugs into the U.SRead MoreDamodaran Book on Investment Valuation, 2nd Edition398423 Words   |  1594 Pagesvalue obtained from discounted cashflow valuation. (5) Firms in the process of restructuring: Firms in the process of restructuring often sell some of their assets, acquire other assets, and change their capital structure and dividend policy. Some of them also change their ownership structure (going from publicly traded to private status) and management compensation schemes. Each of these changes makes estimating future cashflows more difficult and affects the riskiness of the firm. Using historical

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal training Free Essays

Personal Training I have a passion for action sports, physical fitness and wellbeing. There is no better feeling in the world than being healthy. Along with being healthy, comes physical fitness and athleticism. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal training or any similar topic only for you Order Now But accomplishing these goals is no easy task. Athletes don’t wake up every day physically in top shape and able to perform their best athletically without hours on top of hours of hard work and proper dieting. Not many athletes know the ins and outs of proper training and dieting, which is why hey refer to a personal trainer for the tips and advice they need to succeed. A major in Kinesiology is an excellent way to gain the proper knowledge to help athletes get to where they need to be. As a personal trainer, you have many duties related to your Job. Trainers are responsible for providing various personal training services that help members maximize their workout efficiency. And to also improve physical fitness and wellbeing. Personal trainers demonstrate exercises. These vary, depending on his or her client’s level of fitness capability, age and weight. These demonstrated exercises ould be as simple as a squat or as advanced as a power clean. It is important as a trainer to get to know your client. Such as their level of fitness, what theyre physically capable of performing. Personal trainer need to be able to determine what exercises can benefit their client or potentially harm them (California). Trainers are also responsible for creating a healthy diet plan for their client to follow, in order to help accomplish their fitness or health goals. This part of personal training is the most difficult. Diet plans can be very difficult for the average person to follow and keep track of. Just like the physical part of personal training, a diet plan very depending on client’s fitness goals, age and weight. For example, if a middle aged man is looking to lose a significant amount of weight, he would need to do a few things. First, in order to lose weight your body need to burn carbohydrates that have been consumed in the past twenty-four hours. Once your body has depleted all unused carbohydrates, it can now access your bodys stored fat source and start to burn it off. But in order to burn carbohydrates in the first place, he must engage in high intense exercises, which min in their late thirties usually don’t do. So what needs to happen is he must alter his diet to eat six times a day. The content of his diet would be low carbs and proteins. The reason for him to eat six times a day is to keep his metabolism running so he can burn fat during his daily routine. Along with a diet, comes exercise with his personal trainer. His workouts would consist of very low weight, with a high number of repetition. The reason for low weight workouts is because he would be low on carbs which would highly effect his strength. The high amount of reps will cause his muscles to fire quicker, causing him to burn carbohydrates then start burning stored tat ( Trainers can work in many different places. For example, if a trainer has a group workout in urban areas, he could meet his clients at a local park or running trail. The most common place would be the gym, where a personal trainer can train one or more individuals. Trainers even go to clients homes for personal workouts. That’s usually the case for elderly people who would have a hard time leaving their home. Qualified trainers travel to hospitals to train rehabilitated patients who may have been injured in an accident and is in need to re-train their muscles (United). To become a trainer is not very difficult. A degree is not needed, but would be very beneficial. My personal trainer, Brodie Priestley recommended a degree in kinesiology and nutrition. Also having a background in sports and powerlifting benefit me. Even though a degree in not required, sources indicate it would do nothing but help (United States). During my interview I asked my trainer Priestley what made him choose kinesiology as his profession. â€Å"It was simple† Priestley replied. â€Å"My father was a world class power lifter, benching over five-hundred pounds as a senior in high school. So like every kid, I wanted to be Just like my father. I fell in love with lifting weights and lay sports. The more I lifted weights, the more results I saw and I began to feel better about myself,† Priestley explained. â€Å"l quickly got addicted to lifting weights and wanted to keep progressing. I began to educate myself more on lifting weights and ways to get bigger and stronger. My obsession with lifting weights and muscles development got to the point where I stopped playing sports to focus on powerlifting. † Priestleys hard work was paying off as he took first place in numerous powerlifting events. â€Å"l wasn’t Just winning, I was blowing my competition out of the water,† Priestley explained. Priestley worked his way up to become the number three power lifter in the nation, and later broke the world record in bench press for his weight class. It was obvious that I was good at what I did, so I wanted to help others accomplish their physical fitness goals. So I began Personal training at a local gym. I quickly fell in love with helping others and seeing them progress. It’s a cool feeling, I couldn’t be happier with what I’m doing† Priestley explained to me. I asked Priestley what he though was the toughest part about being a personal trainer. Priestleys response was simple, he told me that â€Å"as long as you’re doing omething you love, it doesn’t really matter what you do to get there. But I guess the hardest part of being a personal trainer would be getting some clients to trust you and to buy into your system. † Priestley continued on saying that some people who may have been out of shape most of their life have a hard time believing that they can lose weight and get in shape by following my weight loss program, which makes it difficult to train that individual. Next I asked Priestley what he liked most about his Job. Priestley responded by saying â€Å"The best part of my Job is seeing true results in my clients. There is no better feeling as a trainer knowing that you helped someone get healthy and physically fit. In most cases that is a life changing event for people who used to be highly over weight and unhealthy. That person can now walk around proud of their appearance and have all the confidence in the world, all because of my help. To me there is no better teeling. † Even though I learned that an education is not need to become a trainer, I asked Priestley what steps he took in school to get where he is today. Priestley told me that getting his master’s degree in kinesiology, and minor degree in nutrition was the martest thing he has ever done. My degree helped me in every way possible, I now have an edge on a lot of trainers that might not have a degree. But not only am I more educated but my degree gets me more business which is awesome! † Researching my career choice has reassured me that becoming a personal trainer is who I am going to become. My trainer has had the biggest impact on my decision. He has helped me so much and IVe also seen him help many others. I le arned that what you get out of training someone is the ultimate prize. In conclusion kinesiology is what I have chosen as my career choice. How to cite Personal training, Papers Personal training Free Essays Personal training in fitness is an individualized approach to the provision of services that aim at improving the health and fitness of the participants or rather the clients (Subhan, White, Kane1987). Fitness needs are varied just like the individuals requiring these services. A personal fitness trainer provides training services to the clients according to individual requirements and conditions. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal training or any similar topic only for you Order Now He/She acts as a consultant, giving advise according to his/her assessment on the individual’s needs and health conditions. The programs are all designed to fit into different schedules and timetables. A personal trainer gives services on a one-to-one basis and helps the trainee to achieve his/her set goals, which may include: †¢ Weight loss. †¢ Bodybuilding. †¢ Improving on physical appearance †¢ Preparations for sporting events. According to( ), personal training is valuable tool for those who desire fitness coaching and inspiration for goal achievement. Personal trainers can be found in various settings such as health clubs, gyms, and spas as well as in luxury yatches and cruise ships. Gyms are very common in all kinds of establishments such as hotels, learning institutions and member clubs. Personal trainers are gaining popularity due to an increased awareness levels on the need to remain fit as well as health education programmes offered in the learning institutions which serve to enlighten the citizenry on health matters and their physical well-being. As a result, many are interested in joining health programmes and training therefore contributing to the popularity of personal training as a profession. In the US to practice as a personal trainer requires a certification. A personal trainer may also offer allied services such as: †¢ Testing for fitness Assessing clients’ lifestyle †¢ Training partners †¢ Helping clients to set goals as well as design appropriate programs †¢ Advising on nutritional requirements †¢ Assessing on clients progress. There are several benefits associated with the profession, such as having the unique opportunity to achieve and sustain personal fitness (Carey, Mason1996). As one helps others to keep fit, he/she will also be involved in the same activities hence he/she will keep fit in the process. It also helps the personal trainer to maintain a healthy lifestyle as a result of working out consistently and routinely. Being a personal trainer also ensures that one engages in constructive activity when free and avoids idleness (Sherman, 1994). One is exposed to information and techniques of increasing performance in different areas such as endurance, strength, flexibility and so on. When one is involved in these constant activities, maintenance of vigor and stamina comes naturally. In addition, one is able to maintain great body shape and skin tone, and also it is easier to prepare and participate in physical activities such as athletics and sports (Raglin, Morgan, 1987). Personal training is also a great career and the personal trainer is able to get a lot of satisfaction from helping others, avoid stress as well as anxiety (Maguire, 2000). It is also a good source of income since personal trainers can get to meet both their basic and secondary needs. Kate Williams a personal trainer working in the field of personal training was interviewed on personal training career and she reported that her job is a source of joy and happiness especially due to the effects of seeing a client achieve his/her goal, for example losing weight through exercise and achieving good physical fitness, vigor and stamina. A personal trainer enjoys a flexible schedule depending on the settings, of where they work. Usually, nights and weekend work is not common (Maguire, 2002). The interviewee noted that, her busiest hours are from 15 hours to 20 hours although some clients are happy with morning workouts as well as early after noon workouts. The interviewee further noted that, she has four morning sessions every week. She has only one session on Saturday and two sessions on Sunday, but all the other days of the week are usually busy for her. Her schedule is typical to common jobs of personal trainers and their fore the schedule should be viewed as standard representation of personal trainers timetable. Some personal trainers’ schedules are subject to availability of clients. Other trainers work in hotel gyms where they attend to guests and clients who may come at will and therefore they are always available to attend to the clients regardless of their schedules.. There are personal trainers who work for individuals and their working hours are fewer. The interviewee was of the opinion that, many people should develop interest in personal training career so as to have more people reached out to something that likely to lead to a health and stress free nation. Schools. Personal trainers are required to be certified in personal training aerobics, weight training and other forms of physical training (Johnsgard, 1989). Becoming a personal trainer can be realized by attending training in several institutions that offer this training. There are different courses such as Bachelor’s degrees in exercise science and physical education. There are also certificates offered in colleges and fitness institutes in America. Every state in America has several institutions that offer personal training. Some of these institutions include: – †¢ FITA fitness, Inc. New port Beach. †¢ Bryan college- Sacramental/ Gold diver. †¢ Heritage college-Personal training- Denver †¢ Heritage institute – personal training- Fort Myers. †¢ Florida college natural health. †¢ CNI’s California personal fitness training school. †¢ National personal training institute. All the above-mentioned institutions offer quite recommendable personal training programs, which have been of much help to those interested in personal training and have recorded high customer satisfaction levels. The interviewee recalled one of her clients reported that he had lost quite a recommendable amount of body weight, and that the programs had been a great one for him. These institutions also expose their clients to career opportunities of becoming personal fitness trainers by providing the required and relevant education that may result to certificate or degree award. They employ an approach which is skill based something which helps the graduates to secure jobs in areas like healthcare, massage as well as in technical fields. The interviewee reported that personal training institutions were voted the best in the way they operated and in how they met the goals of their clients. The struggle to have and maintain all the essential facilities that are required for body building exercises and hire the best and qualified personal trainers. Like any other career, personal training provides a source of income to its’ beneficiaries specifically the personal trainers. Agreement on payment basis is made between the personal trainers and the organizations for example, they may agree that the personal trainers be paid on monthly basis may be an approximate amount of $2,500 a month. In other institutions, payment may be done on daily basis, according to the number of clients who have turned up for the training. In addition, payment rates range on client status, for example students may be allowed to pay a little amount than the staff members, and guests. This can be demonstrated in the table 1. 1below: Personal fitness training package rates. Number or session Rate per student Staff, Guest (per person) 1 $25 $35 2 $60 $90 5 $95 $125 10 $120 $200 Source: Personal interview. Conclusion Personal training is an interesting career that offers a very good working environment as well as returns. Personal trainers are able to avoid stress and anxiety and usually live relaxed lives due to regular exercises and they are usually physically fit. In addition, personal training is a well paying career and this is a key motivator those interested in that career path. How to cite Personal training, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Should There Be Gun Control Essay Example For Students

Should There Be Gun Control Essay GUN CONTROL Gun Control can be called the acid test of liberalism. All true liberals must favor stricter gun controls. After all, doesnt the United States have the most heavily armed population on the earth? Are we not the worlds most violent people? Surely these facts must be at least casually connected. Therefore the apparently desperate need to do something about the vast quantity of firearms and firearms abuse is obvious. Guns are employed in an enormous number of crimes in this country. In other countries with stricter gun laws, gun crimes are rare. Many of the firearms involved in crime are cheap handguns, so-called Saturday Night Specials for which there is no legitimate use or need. The public is polarized on the issue of gun control, Anti-gun control activists believe that it is each and every Americans individual right to bear arms. After all, the Second Amendment to the Constitution states that: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. Advocates of gun control say that even with 20,000 gun control laws already in existence, the serious problems due to firearm misuse continue. Obviously, the controls that have been designed have not been sufficiently effective. Therefore the pro-gun controllers argue, we need more uniform legislation, more extensive gun controls, and effective enforcement. Various pro-gun control organizations disagree on methods of gun control needed. For example, there are individuals who would ban all handguns as well as those who take a less radical stand and who would simply increase the controls on firearms. The moderate gun control groups propose measures such as requiring an individual to successfully complete a firearms safety course before being allowed to possess a gun, or to wait for a mandatory period of time before taking possession of a gun. Today, there are approximately 20,000 different gun control laws in existence, ranging from those enacted by municipalities and states, to those enacted by the federal government. Gun control is ineffective and tougher sentencing of criminals and stricter parole policies would do far more to combat crime. Statistics show that Canada is less violent than the United States. Fewer guns are only part of the story. The inner-city slums of the United States are murderous, bombed-out-looking places. American visitors to Canadas big cities often ask where the slums are. The answer is that there really arent any slums, and the lack of violence there reflects it. Canadas more generous welfare benefits and universal health insurance have made for safer cities. The contrasts between extreme wealth and extreme poverty are fewer and less striking. Poor inner-city families do not disintegrate to the extent they do in black American ghettos. Canadian murder rates in big cities are about the same as in isolated rural areas. According to THE ECONOMIST magazine; Blacks, 12% of the United States population, account for 48% of murders, mostly when inner-city blacks kill each other. (The Economist July 10-16,1993, pg 38) Few of these guns if any are purchased from retail gun stores. Gun laws will not keep guns out of these ghettos. The founding fathers included Second Amendment to the Constitution because they were very aware of the fact that there might once again come a time when American Citizens would have to fight for their freedom. Patricia Lee of Balch Springs, Texas was running for the Texas House of Representatives in 1992 when she wrote the following about gun rights. When the British marched toward Concord in 1775, it was not to collect taxes or suppress the press; it was to institute gun control. They were not after hunting or target shooting guns; they were after military cannons (clearly assault weapons, with no sporting purpose). How did the citizens of Concord and Lexington respond to this reasonable, moderate gun control proposal? With their guns! With a battle that killed hundreds of people and began years of vicious war! Why were our ancestors so unreasonable? Because they knew that once their guns were taken, the rest of their rights would soon follow. History has proved them right time and again; the citizens of Hitlers Germany

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Self Reliance an Example by

Self Reliance The crowd was behaving in the usual way, with movements so coordinated that motion could have been mistaken for stillness. Yet a ripple caught my eye. It traveled like whirlpool through the sea of people that collected outside the stadium to watch the big game. Everyone moved in one direction, toward the large gate through which the field was visible. Need essay sample on "Self Reliance" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Yet the lone boy shouldering the crowd was interesting enough for me to drop everything to see what this non-conformist was trying to achieve. The path was grueling, and much longer than necessary as the boy had to keep changing direction to avoid collision with others who were determined to take the conformers route into the stadium. Yet the boy weathered the onslaught resolutely and kept his unconventional course. I watched while the rebel managed to extricate itself from crowd and made his way to a smaller gate that no one else had seen in their rush to follow the everyone else. The situation sparked the memory of an essay once read: Self Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson. It reminded me specifically of Emersons description of the ship that must tack in order to finish a course that is set against the wind. Emerson puts forth the idea that not only must man rely upon himself, but cut out his own path in the world and set himself apart from it. He should be like the man that made his tracks visible by steering them in a different direction from that of all the others of the crowd. Rather than do what is dictated by society, people should act according to the desires and impulses of their own nature. In Self Reliance Emerson writes of the rare quality in men to resist the pressures of their society to conform. This pressure often comes about in the form of accepted behaviors, the learning of which is termed maturity. Yet Emerson goes against this when he says that whoso would be a man, must be a non-conformist (Emerson, 261).This offers an opposite view of maturity which states that the ability of persons to know intimately their own nature and to respond to their impulses is a truer sign of maturity than familiarity with and obedience to societys norms. He suggests that the act of exploring ones own psyche offers more rewards than that of learning and performing societys proper duties for two reasons: The first will go directly to the exact needs of the human inpidual, while the second will only hinder and hide the inpiduality that leads to creativity and progress for man. One must remember that Our only access to truth, goodness, or to life itself, is through our own understanding and our own judgments (Miller, 2006). This lets us know that the inpidual is the only one who can tell for sure what he or she is to be. Trying to keep tradition alive, according to Emerson, does something that is similar to stunting the development of mankind. Yet it is surprisingly easy to do. What is difficult is to rise above the collective will express ones inpiduality. However, Emerson writes that the accomplishment of such a feat may serve for the whole distinction between greatness and meanness (Emerson, 263). The difficulty in rising to the level at which one might be called an inpidual is hampered by those in society who pretend to know what is the purpose of all other human beings. Yet to abandon society and go into solitude is a way in which a person can shut out the droning of the crowd and find a place where nature can be free to influence the will. Emersons concern is that peoples actions indicate their character, and when a mans actions are dictated by the traditions of decades or centuries, a third party will have trouble detecting the true character of the man that performs them. Such a man is indistinguishable from the other conformists that surround him. He no longer sees with eyes cleansed of the effects of the group mind and institutional constrictions (Kateb, 1995). Such persons have lost the carefree attitude of the youths who (unlike adults) are without self-consciousness and do not seek to flatter or pacify persons; for the young person, no one is set up on a pedestal. In keeping with this, Emerson describes the character of youth that gives the kind of self reliance that he praises. He cumbers himself never about consequences, about interests: he gives an independent, genuine verdict. You must court him: he does not court you (Emerson, 261). No power that a person thinks he can see in any human would make the youth and the self reliant man to feel the need to give false praise. Emerson highlights his belief by his idea that books and scholars are to be treasured for their ability to inspire the inpidual to greatness (Goodman, 2005). He identifies the way men idolize such persons that distinguish themselves through self reliance as an example of something contradictory. Men are equally likely to revere the ideas given by persons in books as they are to put kings and leaders on pedestals. Yet, Emersons reaction to this is negative. He writes: Our reading is mendicant and sycophantic. In history, our imagination plays us false. Kingdom and lordship, power and estate, are a gaudier vocabulary than private John and Edward in a small house and common day's work; but the things of life are the same to both; the sum total of both is the same. Why all this deference to Alfred, and Scanderbeg, and Gustavus? Suppose they were virtuous; did they wear out virtue? As great a stake depends on your private act to-day, as followed their public and renowned steps. When private men shall act with original views, the lustre will be transferred from the actions of kings to those of gentlemen (Emerson, 268). In this passage, Emerson reminds the reader that the life of the private and unknown man is as worthy of praise as that of the most powerful king, once that life is lived in truth and keeping with the nature at the core of the persons being (Beran, 2004). Another point Emerson makes is that the praise that persons give to history and its events is directed in the wrong way. He speaks of this largely as it regards tradition and convention. Yet, he further causes the idea to include the private actions of even the inpidual himself. He believes that man should not cling even to his own actions and beliefs of the past merely because he has kept them for months, or even years. Movement is involved in living, and the growing and changing man cannot mature unless he goes back and reassesses his beliefs and actions from time to time. It is no crime or shame to change ones mond if one has found a reason to do soone that more accurately expresses his or her nature. To rely only on ones memory of what one has said or done in the past in order to avoid public contradiction might lead to an even worse contradictionthat of oneself as one has now evolved to become. Emerson gives the metaphor of memory as a corpse that one drags about. A corpse is dead, while a persons character is a living, changing thing. Emerson continues: a foolish inconsistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, and in the presence such faulty adherence to consistency, a great soul has simply nothing to do since all would have already been done (Emerson, 265). According to Emersons essay Self Reliance, men, like that lone man in the crowd, must be willing to go against the pressures of conformity and be true, not to tradition, but to themselves. Only in such an environment is greatness thought of and nourished. A person cannot know precisely who he is if he continues to be ruled by societyand the inpidual, if he can be identified, is more likely to contribute something worthwhile to society when s/he is truly being him/herself. Emerson began his essay by identifying a truly original piece of writing. Had the writer been a conformist, his nature (which differs from that of all other men) would never have been revealed, and his originality would have been lost in the dullness of everyday life. Though the choice to be oneself includes the choice to disregard all the points made in the essay, yet only that choice matters. Regardless of the outcome, one who chooses according to his nature would have achieved higher level of self reliance. Works Cited Beran, Michael Knox. Self Reliance vs. Self Esteem. City Journal. Winter, 2004. Retrieved May 19, 2006 http://www.city-journal.org/html/14_1_self_reliance.html> Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Self Reliance. Ralph Waldo Emerson: Essays and Lectures. Library of America, 1983. Goodman, R. Ralph Waldo Emerson. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2005 Edition). Edward N. Zalta (ed.), Retrieved May 19, 2006 Kateb, George. Emerson and Self Reliance. Abstract. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1995. Miller, George. "Emerson's Optimism." Paper presented at the University of Maine at Farmington, December 7, 2005. Retrieved May 19, 2006. .

Friday, March 6, 2020

Application of Six Sigma in Supply Chain Management Essays

Application of Six Sigma in Supply Chain Management Essays Application of Six Sigma in Supply Chain Management Paper Application of Six Sigma in Supply Chain Management Paper Application of Six Sigma in Supply Chain Management Anoop P. S. Abstract: This paper hypothesises that, whilst Six Sigma as a change and improvement strategy is delivering significant business benefit to practitioner organisations, it has not been successfully adapted to deliver similar benefits across supply chains. It demonstrates by reference to the literature that most published applications of Six Sigma in supply chains are related to the application of traditional internal Six Sigma methodologies to the internal processes of a supplier to the â€Å"Six Sigma Organisation†. In this paper, the issues particular to an application of Six Sigma in a broader supply chain context are discussed, with reference to specific supply chain issues. It is concluded that Six Sigma does have something novel to offer organisations over and above the contribution of existing approaches to supply chain improvement, and a conceptual model is proposed that is consistent with the literature and has potential to support such an introduction. Although rooted in the supply chain realm, SCOR adherents see a role for the methodology as the gatekeeper – identifying the projects most likely to render ROI using SCOR, Lean or Six Sigma. There is already a natural link between Lean and Six Sigma at the program and project execution level. The model integrates the Balanced Scorecard, SCOR model (Supply Chain Reference model) and Six Sigma DMAIC (define, measure, analyse and improve) methodology in a two-level framework. This is a strategic-level cycle, developing focused projects to generate maximum business benefit, and an operational-level cycle, applying Six Sigma and lean tools in a DMAIC cycle to deliver supply chain improvements. Cautions and requirements for the success in practice of such a model are discussed and it is concluded that the model should be tested in practice to validate and develop further the methodology. Keywords: Six Sigma; Supply chain improvement; Lean; SCOR model; Variability reduction 1. 0INTRODUCTION 1. 1 General Introduction Six Sigma Process Improvement is a rigorous approach to improving business processes by addressing the underlying causes of variation that lead to poor performance as experienced by the ‘customer’, who is the recipient of the outputs. The early exponents were Motorola and GE in the 1980s. Since then, many organisations ranging from manufacturing to service in all sectors, have successfully deployed Six Sigma to deliver measurable cost, quality and time based improvements. 2. 0 LEAN SIX SIGMA In the past, Lean and Six Sigma have at times been viewed almost as rival methodologies, with some companies choosing one or the other as their primary improvement vehicle. Two of the most powerful forces in manufacturing and now the broader supply chain are â€Å"Lean† and â€Å"Six Sigma. Traditionally, many companies have adopted one or the other as their primary approach to operational improvement, or in some cases used both but as fairly independent tools. Increasingly, however, companies are seeing the benefit of combining the two techniques into a more integrated strategy that uses the best of each approach, which can be highly complementary. Many believe this â€Å"Lean Six Sigma† strategy is the best w ay to improve overall supply chain results and tackle process improvement more holistically. Lean, the name given to the Toyota Production System in the book The Machine that Changed the World, has traditionally been associated with the elimination of waste in business processes. Lean was originally focused on improvement on the factory floor, but has since been used in some cases to power broader supply chain improvements. European retailer Tesco, for example, used Lean principles to engineer improved store replenishment processes. Six Sigma is a quality improvement methodology that in general seeks to reduce process and results variation. Originally focused on improving the quality of manufactured components, the approach has also been expanded for use in improving almost any business process. Drug wholesale McKesson, for example, has used Six Sigma to improve a variety of supply chain processes, such as inbound trailer cycle times and pick face replenishment efficiency. 2. 1 Adding Value With SCOR Developed by the not-for-profit Supply-Chain Council, SCOR (Supply Chain Operations Reference) is a model that links process elements, metrics, best practices and features associated with supply chain execution. It helps to identify and quantify critical opportunities for improvements not only within the supply chains of a single company but also between multiple trading partners. It describes a continuum of processes: Plan, Source, Make, Deliver and Return. SCOR works best with companies that have an enterprise information platform that can carefully track this continuum through KPIs and scorecards or at least provide the data so that a qualified enterprise platform can acquire the data, analyze it and surface it to the people who need to see it. Although rooted in the supply chain realm, SCOR adherents see a role for the methodology as the gatekeeper – identifying the projects most likely to render ROI using SCOR, Lean or Six Sigma. There is already a natural link between Lean and Six Sigma at the program and project execution level. Six Sigma has the project tracking and financial accountability elements. Lean helps â€Å"surface the rocks† that become ideal targets for Six Sigma. The two combined provide a powerful results-driven program. The opportunities for Six Sigma and Lean application in SCM are numerous. Specifically in warehousing management you may want to look at metrics around fill rates, pick and pack defects and dock-to-stock or dock-to-bench type metrics. Start with Lean and look for opportunities to get the dock-to-stock (time from material unloaded on dock to put away on shelf) cycle times down (this impacts availability rates to the production floor). Take a walk through the warehouse and if you see lots of boxes and pallets sitting around, you know you have opportunities! Once your cycle times are lower, then take a look at defect rates in the other areas of standard warehouse metrics. Let me know if you have some questions I have extensive experience in this one. 3. 0 Bringing Lean and Six Sigma Together Industrial giant Honeywell was among the first to recognize the power of combining Lean and Six Sigma disciplines. When Honeywell acquired Allied Signal in the late 1990s, under the leadership of legendary CEO Larry Bossidy, it created a mechanism for combining Lean and Six Sigma that it called â€Å"Six Sigma Plus. The company hoped to improve processes and results by using Lean to streamline processes and eliminate waste, then improve the consistency and reliability of those processes using Six Sigma. 3M is another pioneer in the application of Lean Six Sigma. When Jim McNerney took over as CEO of the company in 2001, the former GE executive quickly helped drive a Lean Six Sigma program throughout the company. â€Å"Lean Six Sigma always starts by defining value from the supply chain from the eyes of the customer,† says Paul Husby, a former VP of Supply Chain Services at 3M. Every business has either an explicit or implicit strategy and needs the operational supply chain to provide specific performance to support that strategy. Lean Six Sigma has a primary goal of significantly improving operational excellence, and should also greatly improve a companys competitive advantage with key customers and markets. † There are several principles that drive the strategy of bringing Lean and Six Sigma together: Lean cannot bring a process under statistical control Six Sigma alone cannot dramatically improve process speed or reduce invested capital Both enable the reduction of the cost of complexity, but in complementary ways In the past, Lean and Six Sigma have at times been viewed almost as rival methodologies, with some companies choosing one or the other as their primary improvement vehicle. With Lean Six Sigma, that f alse conflict can be formally removed, and companies can benefit from the best of both approaches. The two methodologies can interact and reinforce one another, and there is much evidence that total improvements in a process is larger if Lean and Six Sigma are implemented together. The opportunity is to reduce the variability in value-adding processes,† said SCDigest editor Dan Gilmore. â€Å"Lean should eliminate the non-value added process steps, and then Six Sigma can be applied to tighten up the execution of those processes. † So, from a Lean perspective, what Six Sigma adds is the ability to reduce process variability. From a Six Sigma perspective, what Lean adds is often greater process and cycle time velocity, as well as lower operating costs. It can also be said that Lean focuses on reducing Time variability, while Six Sigma focuses on reducing Process variability. Lean tends to generate more â€Å"Quick Fix† solutions, while Six Sigma takes a more â€Å"Root Cause† approach. It is also possible to think of applying Six Sigma principles at the â€Å"pursue perfection† stage of one popular six-step Lean model. Some companies are taking the concept even further, adding in Eli Goldratt’s Theory of Constraints (TOC) methodology as another tool, usually front-ending TOC before both Lean and Six Sigma. This three-way combination is sometimes referred to as TLS (TOC, Lean, Six Sigma). Companies that have focused on either Lean or Six Sigma as a primary strategy to the exclusion of the other, or that use both but as very separate tools, should consider whether there is opportunity to deliver better results from a Lean Six Sigma strategy. 4. 0 THINGS NEED TO KEEP IN MIND 4. 1 Is our data integrated, clean and in one location? Data sitting in silos, incompatible or duplicative data, and – most importantly – data that requires the intervention of the IT department to retrieve will make any business improvement program much more costly than necessary. A robust business intelligence solution is a must. 4. 2 Can I quickly see what is working in quality programs? If you would like to report to Wall Street analysts that a Six Sigma initiative saved $1 million on a new product, do you need to deploy a portion of your staff to dig through information, or is that information readily available on a dashboard? More importantly, is the information up to date? Can a portal tell at a moment’s glance what the quality programs are doing for the company’s bottom line and how they compare to one another? 4. Can my staff visualize the results of quality projects? Six Sigma Black Belts parachute into departments they don’t work in. Being able to show how a process could be improved helps win over reluctant team members to the results of a project. An easily integrated visualization application is an important component. 4. 4 Do I have an application powerful enough to analyze and (especially when using Lean) forecast? Can my st aff – without any programming skills – create â€Å"what if† scenarios that will help identify the best methodology for improving quality and performance? Using SCOR to align corporate goals and develop and execute a plan for improvement targets, and then employing Lean or Six Sigma or both to the prioritized projects, is a way forward for companies that recognize that survival is truly the provenance of the fittest. Just having these methodologies under the roof isn’t enough. They need to be converged and integrated methodologies working off the same platform. A focus on integration will provide the organization with optimized yields and improvements. The trend toward converging methodologies is really about change management and its logical extension to platform status. After all, change is not a one-time event or even a series of one-time events but must be a culturally ingrained part of the organization’s DNA. Organizations want to embrace change, but doing so requires an integrated approach to using methodologies and a strong enterprisewide platform that goes beyond business intelligence to include data integration and analytics.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Turbulence in the Sky Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Turbulence in the Sky - Essay Example This problem, however, while not costing customers, is costing the industry millions of dollars. Also costing many of the airlines money are other, cheaper airlines. There are some airlines that offer such low rates that they are consistently attracting business and many airlines cannot compete. Along these lines, the fourth problem is major financial loss in the area of billions of dollars. Adding to this woe is the fact that, with unions involved, the cost of labor and employees is not cheap. Another problem is that having â€Å"major† and â€Å"minor† airports is no longer efficient or cost-effective. Fixing this problem either means money issues will arrive or that there will be a question of quality of service. Lastly, there have been unforeseen circumstances that have caused the industry many problems. Illnesses like SARS, the war in Iraq, and other things over which the industry has no control have all negatively impacted the airline industry. The airline industry needs to conduct a self-assessment and fix what it does have control over. If the industry cannot renovate itself, the industry as we know it may disappear. Only a few airlines may